What is Scale Rot
The condition called scale rot is a bacterial infection that is most prevalent in captured reptiles. Snakes scale rot typically occurs when the habitat of your snake is exposed to excessively humid conditions and/or inadequate washing. If the habitat of your snake has a strong fecal content and there can be bacterial and fungal development in the food. That will only contribute to the risk of scale rot and skin degradation overall.
If your snake is left with a serious infection in this difficult area, which in this article will prove to be lethal, we should discuss the specifics regarding scale rot. What is the primary cause of the early symptoms and how you can handle the possible seriousness of the disease.
Scale rot is a broad term often used in reptiles to describe a blistering fungus, or different forms of dermatitis. Scale rot may be used to identify primary and secondary diseases that arise after general cut and burning of skin abrasions in captive snakes such as ball python corn snake and boa constrictor is one of the most common causes of scale rot.
Improper concentrations of humidity inside a snake’s enclosure can serve as a significant contributor snakes similar to virtually any living creature that is cared for as a pet live in some sort of bedding enclosures that have damp or wet bedding can be very troublesome snakes that rest on humid bedding for a long time increase their risk of developing scale rot as we have briefly noted a warm and humid atmosphere Nevertheless, inadequate care can also contribute to a dirty living environment, most importantly inappropriate cleaning of a snake’s enclosure. This also places a considerable role in potential scale rot production.
Deficiencies in vitamin A and vitamin C may also raise your snake’s risk of developing this health concern, while this disease tends to feed on an unclean living space your snake may acquire this condition if a shortage of vitamin A or vitamin C has arisen due to the bacterial infection triggered by scale rot.
This may be infectious if you have more than one snake if you already have a snake with scale rot, you must isolate it as soon as possible until it has fully recovered from your snakes and other species that have not been infected.
Check their tanks ‘ humidity levels, and make it a priority to properly disinfect and sterilize their enclosures.
It is also necessary to remove any soiled bedding, this is why it is so vital to track your snakes presence and be vigilant as soon as you notice any changes when eliminating any bedding that includes moisture, whether from body fluids or general humid environments snake rot will show itself in a variety of ways. Early detection equates to faster treatment and a smoother recovery time.
Symptoms of Scale Rot
If your snakes are discolored with brown yellow greenish black or red scales, this may be an early sign that something is wrong to transform your snake more proactively on its back and take a closer look at the area of the stomach when you see discoloration in this field, there is a good chance that your snake will have scale rot as not to be mistaken with shedding
If some of your snake scales have been elevated or look puffy, this could be an early sign of scale rot in places where blood may have accumulated or collected below the surface.
Blisters develop in diameter below an inch. Blisters are often seen on the ventral surface of snakes where direct contact with bedding happens in most situations, blisters are not obvious with a bacteria-free yellowish solution, but if this sign is missed, the infection may deteriorate and bacteria which arise because of self-contamination or pollution of the snakes habitat.
Treating Snake Rot
- Clean the enclosure of your snake as lack of a sanitary habitat is such a significant and vital factor in the production of scale rot it is important to include the cleaning of the enclosure as a form of treatment. Treating your snakes habitat to desinfect everything inside and covering all soiled bedding with either dry newspaper or paper towels is a must that will help you control the area and keep the infection from continuing
- The last thing you want is for your snake to tip over it’s flimsy water bowl make sure your snakes water bowl is highly durable and stable the bowl should also be low enough that your snake can’t soak in it a snake that has scale rot will only make the situation worse if it got soak in water.
- One of the safest ways to treat scale rot is to have the snake rest 20 minutes twice a day in a betadine solution wash, until the disease has healed as a word of caution and guidance. If the bath of betadine does not improve the parasite or the illness automatically ceases care and sends the snake to the clinic. Preparation of treatment for betadine. Mix 10% betadine in warm water and bathe your snake with it.
- This is so vitally important. Moisture control as well as washing the snakes habitat and eliminating any sources of liquid that have infiltrated the bedding and adjacent humidity controlling areas can go a long way towards curing snakes scale rot. This is particularly true if snakes are used to their natural environments with the snake from a subtropical or tropical area. This is how they live in good health keeping your snakes enclosure as close to nature as possible is crucial utilizing heat lamps/heat pads and properly handling the enclosures screen top – most vivariums have a mesh screen at the top to allow ventilation – as it contributes to healthy air flow and ensuring proper bedding. Enclosure with material that is secure moisture absorbent mold resistant odor removal and moisture retention is recommended
Now that many of the core treatment methods and general facts concerning this important topic of scale rot have been covered.